AVSC 1010 COURSE PREVIEW
Enables the aviation administrator to understand and appreciate the operational and strategic impacts of weather on the aviation industry. Teaches atmospheric composition and structure, climate and synoptic weather, aviation weather reports, forecasts and weather data sources. Requires students to apply these principles in a decision making capacity through weather tracking, planning and decision making activities.
Student will explain structure of the atmosphere and describe its temperature characteristics.
- Student will explain the composition of the atmosphere.
- Student will list the vertical layers and their defining characteristics in the atmosphere.
- Student will define standard atmosphere.
- Student will explain the relationship of density to hypoxia.
- Student will define heat and temperature.
- Student will list five forms of temperature variations.
Student will identify the characteristics of atmospheric pressure and altimetry.
- Student will identify the methods for measuring atmospheric pressure
- Student will show the effects of altitude and temperature on atmospheric pressure
- Student will differentiate station pressure and sea level pressure
- Student will define low, high, trough, ridge and col pressure patterns in atmosphere
- Student will identify true, indicated, corrected pressure and pressure altitude
- Student will define density altitude
- Student will point out the negative effects of high density altitude on aircraft
Student will identify the characteristics of wind in the atmosphere.
- Student will define convection and pressure gradient force
- Student will state the result of the coriolis effect
- Student will state how friction effects the general circulation of wind
- Student will state what level in the atmosphere you find the jet stream
- Student will discuss what causes katabatic winds, land and sea breezes, valley and mountain breezes
- Student will state what causes wind shear
- Student will state what causes atmospheric pressure systems
Student will describe the role of moisture and the factors effecting stability in the atmosphere.
- Student will define relative humidity and dew point
- Student will label processes taking place during conversion of water between its three states
- Student will show the importance of the three states of water and the role of latent heat
- Student will define how precipitation forms in atmosphere
- Student will define the effects of land and water on the atmosphere
- Student will compare vertical movement of unsaturated versus saturated air in the atmosphere
- Student will label stable and unstable air masses and their related cloud formations
Student will classify clouds and identify the types of air masses in the atmosphere.
- Student will identify the altitude ranges of the four types of clouds
- Student sort specific cloud formations into their major groups
- Student will identify the effects of cool air moving over a warm surface, warm air moving over a cool surface, evaporation and condensation
- Student will identify four changes in air mass when passing through a front
- Student will define cold, warm, stationary and occluded fronts and the weather associated with each
- Student will identify why frontal systems should be a part of pre flight planning
Student will describe the causes of and hazards associated with turbulence, icing and instrument meteorological conditions.
- Student will state the hazards of convective currents, obstructions and mountainous wind flow
- Student will define the effects of wind shear and wake turbulence
- Student will list the four effects of icing on aircraft performance
- Student will list the three types of icing and their intensities
- Student will correlate the types of icing to types of clouds
- Student will identify the causes of radiation, advection, upslope, precipitation induced and ice fog
- Student will name four obscurations to visibility
Student will describe the causes of and hazards associated with thunderstorms.
- Student will define the life cycle of a thunderstorm
- Student will identify the three requirements for a thunderstorm to form
- Student will identify six hazards of thunderstorms
- Student will state how weather radar can identify thunderstorms
- Student will identify the rules for avoiding the effects of thunderstorms while flying
Student will identify aviations hazards encountered during flight at high altitudes in arctic and tropical climates.
- Student will define the jet stream, where it appears in the atmosphere and its relationship to surface low pressure systems
- Student will list a benefit and a hazard of the jet stream
- Student will identify the relative hazards of icing and thunderstorms at high altitudes
- Student will identify six weather hazards of arctic flying
- Student will compare the summer and winter monsoon weather
Student will identify the agencies that generate and distribute aviation weather text, charts and graphics.
- Student will identify the two main agencies that produce weather information
- Student will list the elements of the three types of weather briefings
- Student will identify online and in flight aviation weather information services provided by the government
Student will correctly interpret aviation weather observations.
- Student will define the two types of weather reports
- Student will interpret five metar/speci reports
- Student will interpret five pilot reports
- Student will interpret two radar weather reports
Student will be able to interpret information found on radar and satellite graphic products.
- Student will name the two radar modes of operation
- Student will name the four intensities of precipitation and their dBZ ranges
- Student will state the effects of beam overshooting, beam blockage, ground clutter and anomalous propagation on base reflectivity radar displays
- Student will define the composite reflectivity radar product
- Student will describe and compare the three basic types of satellite weather imagery
Student will be able to interpret weather graphics, charts and hazardous condition products.
- Student will identify five elements from a surface analysis chart
- Student will define how the pressure patterns are depicted on a constant pressure chart
- Student will list five values of constant pressure charts
- Student will identify an area of forecast super-cooled water droplets on a freezing level chart
- Student will interpret five areas of a weather depiction chart
- Student will identify three areas of a radar summary chart
- Student will identify the difference between SIGMETS, CONVECTIVE SIGMETS, CENTER WEATHER ADVISORIES AND AIRMETS
- Student will identify two outlook products involving convection
- Student will identify two public notification messages from the NWS
Student will be able to interpret weather forecast products in text format.
- Student will identify the elements of a conterminous U.S. area forecast
- Student will interpret two terminal aerodrome forecasts
- Student will interpret two wind and temperature aloft forecasts
Student will be able to interpret weather forecast products in chart format.
- Student will interpret times and areas of four surface prognostic charts
- Student will interpret three areas on a low-level significant weather chart
- Student will interpret three areas on a high-level significant weather chart
- Student will interpret three areas on an icing severity chart
Student will be able to use his/her weather knowledge to improve aviation operations safety and efficiency.
- Student will plan a route of flight for five aircraft between given airports using the provided charts and radar displays
- Student will determine what weather may be approaching the airport using the provided weather products
- Student will determine the potential impact on air traffic control in specified area of the country based on the provided weather products
- Student will identify where weather products may be found on the internet for general aviation planning purposes