Below are some common questions asked about copyright.
What is copyright?
What is fair use?
How do we get a copyright?
Who needs to know about copyright?
What are the consequencing of violating copyright?
What is UVU's policy on copyright?
Where can I go to find out more about copyright?
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The following categories of material, whether published or unpublished, may be subject to copyright protection:
(a) literary works, such as books, journal articles, textbooks, laboratory manuals, lectures, or computer programs;
(b) musical works, including any accompanying words;
(c) dramatic works, including any accompanying music;
(d) pantomimes and choreographic works;
(e) motion pictures and other audiovisual works, such as films, video-tapes, videodiscs or multimedia works;
(f) pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works;
(g) sound recordings, such as audio tapes, audio cassettes, phono records or compact discs; and
(h) architectural works.
Copyright protection does not cover the ideas or concepts embodied in a work, but rather the manner of expression. In general, since 1998, for works created after 1978 the term of the copyright is the life of the author plus 50 years, or in certain circumstances, the shorter of 75 years from the year of the first publication or 100 years from the year of creation.
Only the author or those deriving their rights through the author can rightfully claim copyright. Subject to certain limitations, the owner of a copyright has the exclusive right to do and to authorize the following:
(a) to reproduce copies of the copyrighted work;
(b) to make derivative works based on the copyright works;
(c) to distribute copies of the copyright work;
(d) to perform the copyrighted work publicly; and
(e) to display the copyrighted work publicly.
For more official U.S. government information on copyright, visit www.copyright.gov .
One of the more important limitations of copyright law for educators is the doctrine of “fair use” (title 17, U. S. Code). Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered “fair,” such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. This section also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
Copyright exists from the moment your work is created. In general, you do not need to register your copyright; however, you might find registering helpful for the following reasons:
The United States has copyright relations with most countries throughout the world. However, the United States does not have these relationships with every country. For a listing of countries and the nature of their copyright relations with the United States, see Circular 38a, International Copyright Relations of the United States.
Everyone needs to know about copyright! Copyright affects students, faculty and staff at UVU. It’s important to understand that copyright doesn’t just protect the work of professional writers, artists, filmmakers etc. But it also protects the papers and work by students, faculty and staff.
UVU’s copyright policy, it is the presumption of the policy that infringement of copyright, when it occurs, is generally not intentional. Therefore, the first action taken when the Copyright Committee or other members of the campus community become aware of infringements of copyright is to inform the infringing individual of the violation and work with them to take corrective action.
If alleged infringement by an employee persists, then the employee's supervisor shall be informed. The supervisor shall investigate allegations of copyright infringement and take action consistent with UVU discipline policy.
If alleged infringement by a student persists, then the Office of Judicial Affairs shall be informed and shall proceed in accordance with the Student Code policy.
For a complete list of sites, please visit http://www.uvu.edu/copyright/campus_resources/prelated_web.html