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Choosing which pedagogy to implement depends on the objectives of the course. Many pedagogies support active, engaged learning; however, some professors are unsure where to begin. Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL) partnered with the Science Education Resource Center (SERC), which are national organizations that support STEM education, to create a web-based resource center for pedagogies of engagement. Each pedagogy is described, why it is used, how to use the it, examples of how it is used, and references. The pedagogies discussed are:
TBL uses small group learning to engage students with the curriculum. Students form permanent teams. In TBL, a readiness assurance process ensures students are ready to contribute to the team before group work begins. A quiz or test is given at the beginning of the unit to each student individually before group work. Groups then work on application activities. At the end of the unit, students give each team member a peer-evaluation. The professor in the video below discusses how she uses TBL and shows what TBL looks like in a classroom.
PBL is similar to the Investigate Case-Base Learning above. In PBL, student engage the topic through a relevant problem. Students use the content to work out a solution to the problem. Students take an active role in the learning experience and the professor acts as a facilitator. PBL has incorporates metacognition in the process. During the process, students reflect on what they know and what they need to know. At the end, many PBL practitioners have students reflect on the process.
IBL is pedagogically similar to PBL. Whereas, PBL focuses on a problem, IBL is acquiring knowledge through observation by using questions.