Students learn 10% of what they read, 20% of what they hear, 30% of what they see, 50% of what they see and hear, 70% of what is discussed with others, 80% of what they experience personally, and 95% of what they teach to someone else. ~ William Glasser
- Find a Good Place to Study: If may be best to have a place where you study regularly, it doesn't matter where you study as long as it has a surface for writing, is well lit, and is comfortable - not too comfortable, you do not want to fall asleep. your area should be equipped with paper, pencils, and whatever you need. Before you start eliminate anything that could distract you or interrupt your concentration. If you like to listen to music, research has shown that classical music can actually improve your concentration.
- Get Started: Getting started on your studying is sometimes the hardest part. Do not wait until you are in the mood. If you have trouble getting started, begin with something simple or a subject you like.
- Know your Learning Style : If you are a visual learner, use flash cards, charts and diagrams. Form pictures in your mind, and use color in your notes. If you are an auditory learner, read and review aloud. use memory tricks involving rhythm and rhyme. If you are a kinesthetic learner, use hands-on activities, role playing, and move around while you study. Use objects whenever possible, and roll play ideas and concepts. If you are a technological learner, use the computer, the internet, and high-tech equipment to keep you interested and focused. As a general rule, the more senses you involve and the wider variety of methods you use while studying, the more you will remember the material. You might even try chewing different types of gum with each subject you study. When you take a test in that subject chew the same type of gum. The smell and taste of the gum are good memory enhancers as well as will relieve some stress.
Organize Your study Time: Before you start to study, make a plan. Decide exactly what you want to do and in what order. Spending 5 minutes to begin with will save much more than 5 minutes. Make sure your plan is both specific and realistic. For example: instead of saying 'I will study biology,' say 'I will read and study pages 12-20, and do review questions at the end of the section.'Form Study Groups: This can make study time more interesting and lively. Limit amount of socializing and do study. When you teach each other you tend to learn and remember more.
- If you have a lot to do, prioritize your work to make sure that you have enough time for the things that are most important.
- Always allow more time than you think you will need.
- If you have something that seems overwhelming, break it down into smaller parts.
- Alternate types of assignments.
- Know when to take a break. Research has shown that students learn the most during the first and last ten minutes of any study session. After studying 20 minutes, try taking a short break - get up and walk around, etc.
- Know when you study best, and organize your day so that you are able to study when you are the most productive.
- Avoid daytime naps that are longer than 10 minutes. Concentration dips before and after a nap.
Avoid Internal Distractions:
- Keep a 'to do' list nearby and record any reminders to yourself or worries that may distract you while you are studying. e.g. buy eggs, worry about check clearing, etc. By writing these down you can clear your mind for studying.
- Use a concentration score sheet: Each time you find your mind wandering, make a check mark on the sheet. Within just a few study sessions you should find that you have far fewer check marks and far greater concentration.
Adapted from How to Get Good Grades in College by Linda O'Brien
Other Websites to Visit:
- Office of the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs web page at http://www.uic.edu/depts/ace/lecture_notes.shtml
- Student Education Guide: Good Study Habits: http://www.distance-education.org/Degrees/Student-Education-Guide--Good-Study-Habits-A525.html
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