Scheduling: The Foundation of Time Management
- Time is all that we have and you may find one day you have less than you think. ~
- With good time management, you have more free time, less stress, and a feeling that
"you're in control." Linda O'Brien
- Peyton Manning uses a good analogy with time and money. 'Imagine,' he says, 'that
someone puts $1400 into your bank account each day with these stipulations: there
can be nothing left at the end of the day; you lose what you fail to invest in worthwhile
work,' Time is like that; There are 1440 minutes in a day. You have no minutes left
at the end of the day, and those not spent on worthwhile pursuits are lost.
Benefits of Scheduling:
- Scheduling helps you avoid one of the great time wasters, procrastination, because
it gives you a set time to accomplish the task.
- Scheduling keeps you up to date and helps to avoid last minute cramming.
- Scheduling things that you need to do actually creates time to do things that you
want to do.
- Scheduling keeps you in control. You are the creator of your schedule. Set your priorities
and times to do things.
- Having a schedule saves time. Your schedule is a guide, telling you what to do next
and assuring you that everything will get done. Studying the same subject at the same
time and in the same place programs your mind to concentrate on that subject, and
you will complete your studying more quickly and more efficiently.
(Practicing College Learning Strategies p. 17, Carolyn H. Hooper)
Principles of Scheduling:
- Make use of daylight hours. Research shows that each hour used for study during the
day is equal to one and a half hours at night.
- Study before a class in which discussion is required or pop quizzes are frequently
- Study as soon after lecture classes as possible - preferably immediately after. You
can enhance your retention and understanding by studying right after class. When scheduling
classes, allow for this time.
- Study at the same time every day.
- Allow enough time to study. The rule of thumb is that you should study two hours for
every hour you are in class. Start here, and adjust your schedule accordingly. Some
classes will need more than two hours, others will need less.
- Space your study periods. A study period of fifty to ninety minutes at a time is probably
most efficient. After, take a break for ten to fifteen minutes. Longer study periods
often become counterproductive. Make use of small blocks of time. Five minutes here
and there can add up to large abouts of time. Note cards make a good portable study
guide that is easy to use while you wait for someone, stand in line, ride the bus,
or any other free minutes.
- List activities according to priorities.
- Study during your prime time. Schedule your hardest subject at you most alert time,
and schedule less demanding tasks during the day when you are less productive.
- Leave unscheduled time for flexibility.
- Analyze your use of time.
(Practicing College Learning Strategies, p. 18, Carolyn H. Hooper)
Be Organized -
- Use an assignment notebook or planner.
- Take this to every class and record each assignment under the date it is due.
- If the instructor hands out a course syllabus at the beginning of the term, mark when
assignments are due on the syllabus and your planner.
- Use three-ring notebooks for class notes.
- Organize and save computer work. When you are doing a search, bookmark the pages that
you want to come back to. It will save time looking for the information you want to
- Keep returned papers, quizzes, and tests. Have different colored pocket folders for
each class, and keep all returned papers, quizzes, and tests in these folders. Old
tests help you study for future tests and finals. They are also helpful if there is
a question about an assignment, you can double check by contacting this person.
- Get phone numbers of classmates. Make sure you have a phone number or an e-mail for
at least one person in each class. If you miss class or have a question about an assignment,
you can double check by contacting this person.
- Maintain a neat and organized study space. It will save a lot of time if you can easily
locate materials you need: i.e. dictionary, calculator, thesaurus, paper etc.
- Before you go to bed each night, get out everything that you will need for the following
day - if you need to remember to do something in the morning, write yourself a note.
(How to Get Good Grades in College, p. 3-4, Linda O'Brien)
Handouts for Time Management: