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Branches of the Army or "Jobs"

Air Defense ArtilleryAir Defense Artillery - The Air Defense Artillery protects military forces and geopolitical assets against the threat of aerial attack.  As the most modern and technically advanced of the combat arms branches, it is uniquely postured to provide protection across the vast spectrum from peacekeeping to high intensity combat.

ArmorArmor* - The Armor branch encompasses tank or combined arms organizations that close with and destroy the enemy by using fire, maneuver and shock effect, and cavalry organizations that perform reconnaissance, provide security and engage in the full spectrum of combat operations.

AviationAviation - Aviation is unique in that it is an arm and a service .  Aviation combat missions include: attack, cavalry, air assault, special operations and air combat.   Combat support missions include: communications, intelligence & electronic warfare, combat search and rescue and aerial mine warfare.  Aviation officers are knowledgeable in employment, capabilities and planning considerations for each of these diverse missions.

Field ArtilleryField Artillery - The Field Artillery branch is a combat arms branch that can deliver lethal, timely indirect fires to destroy, neutralize or suppress the enemy by cannon, rocket and missile fire.  Officers in F.A. lead soldiers and can coordinate fire support systems in support of joint and combined arms operations like air support, naval gunfire, attack helicopters, mortars and electronic warfare.

InfantryInfantry* - The Infantry is the nucleus of the combat arms that forms the Army's fighting strength and is trained to deploy in low-to-high intensity conflicts.  The Infantry arrives in the battle area by airborne, air assault, mechanized or on foot and can fight mounted (in vehicles) or dismounted (on foot) according to terrain conditions and mission requirements.

Special ForcesSpecial Forces* - Special Forces are an elite branch capable of rapid response to various contingencies throughout the world.  The value of Special Forces is that they provide military capabilities not available elsewhere in the armed forces.  SF can conduct missions in any operational environment; in peace, conflict or war.  SF operations are inherently joint and are often multinational or interagency.  This is a nonaccession branch, meaning that an officer must first make captain's rank before applying for the Special Forces.

Civil AffairsCivil Affairs - The Civil Affairs mission is to support the commanders's relationship with the civil authorities and civilian populace, promote mission legitimacy and enhance military effectiveness.   Civil Affairs is a nonaccession combat support branch, meaning that one can not enter Civil Affairs immediately after completing ROTC and college.

Chemical CorpsChemical Corps - The Chemical Corps branch is focused primarily on warfighting operations and training in support of nuclear, biological and chemical defense, smoke, flame employment, support of weapons of mass destruction, force and domestic protection programs.  The Chemical Corps provides the Army with a highly trained corps of chemical experts to advise commanders and staffs at all levels in the Department of Defense and lead chemical units.

EngineersEngineers - The Corps of Engineers provides the Army and the nation with officers trained in providing essential support in a variety of forms.  Engineers provide support to maneuver commanders, installations and the nation.  In combat, they execute mobility, countermobility, survivability and topographic missions.  As construction Engineers, they manage military construction for the Army and other Department of Defense agencies as well as directing water, flood control and natural resource development and the restoration of civil works programs throughout the nation.

Military IntelligenceMilitary Intelligence - The principal focus of Military Intelligence is to provide timely, relevant and accurate intelligence and electronic warfare support to commanders, thus permitting effective application of combat power.  They collect current information on the enemy, weather and terrain and other pertinent factors in the area of operations.  This information is used to predict the actions and intentions of the enemy and the likely effects of terrain and weather on friendly and enemy forces.

Military PoliceMilitary Police - The Military Police Corps is both an arm and a service whose soldiers perform combat, combat support and combat service support operations.  The Military Police is recognized for its unique mission capabilities such as cross-cultural operations with great focus on security and safety, conflict resolution, and aggressive execution of combat operations against enemy forces during wartime and law enforcement operations.  MP missions are conducted both in peace and war throughout the full spectrum of Army operations.

Signal CorpsSignal Corps - The Signal Corps can plan, install, integrate, operate and maintain the Army's strategic, operational and tactical communications infrastructure and voice and data information systems at all levels of command from combat to the sustaining base in support of warfighting missions.  Information systems operation is integral to the command and control of Army and joint forces in every operation, and thus, is the essential element of information dominance on the modern battlefield.

Adjutant General CorpsAdjutant General Corps - The Adjutant General Corps branch formulates policy for and directs the Army's military personnel system at all levels.  Officers in the AG Corps command personnel detachments, service battalions, personnel commands (PERSCOM), postal and replacement companies, Army bands, reception battalions, recruiting and publication centers.

FinanceFinance - The Finance Corps has the critical mission of sustaining Army, joint and multinational operations through acquisition and purchase of most types of supplies and services.   Finance provides timely commercial vendor and contractual payments, banking and currency support, military pay support, non-U.S. pay support, travel payments, essential cost capturing and accounting information.

OrdnanceOrdnance - The Ordnance branch is a combat service support arms branch that supports the development, production, acquisition and sustainment of weapon systems and ammunition, missiles, electronics and ground mobility material during peace and war to provide combat power.

Quarter MasterQuartermaster - The Quartermaster Corps provides logistics support to sustain victory.  They provide combat readiness in the form of timely availability and proper functioning of material, resources and systems in a resource driven battlefield. The Quartermaster mission is to provide supply support, field services, aerial delivery support, material & distribution management and combat developments.

Transportation CorpsTransportation Corps - The Transportation Corps is responsible for the worldwide movement of units, personnel, equipment and supplies in peace and war.  This branch can move critical supplies rapidly, through an integrated global distribution system from the source to the combatant.  The Transportation Corps will leverage technology and thrive on the digitized battlefield.

Army Health Care TeamThe Army Health Care Team - The Medical Corps, Army Nurse Corps, Army Dental Corps, Medical Service Corps, Army Medical Specialist Corps and Veterinary Corps comprise the Army Health Care Team.  The Army Health Care Team serves hospitals and clinics as patient administrators and by providing patient care on the battlefield.  Members of the Health Care Team can be physicians, Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), Doctor of Dental Medicine (DDM), nurses, veterinarians, dietitians, physical therapists, occupational therapists and physician assistants.  The Medical Service Corps is essential to the health and well-being of Army personnel and their families.

Judge Advocate General CorpsJudge Advocate General Corps - The Judge Advocate General Corps (JAG) provides legal services for the Army and its soldiers.  Judge advocates serve as prosecutors and defense attorneys for criminal trials, and practice international, operation, labor, contract, environmental, tort and administrative law and routine legal services.

VCVeterinary Corps - The Veterinary Corps is qualified to serve not only in animal medicine, but in public health matters and comparative medicine and is a full-fledged member of the Army Health Care Team.  The Veterinary Corps maintains the health of service members' pets, inspects food before it is consumed by troops, and ensures that the MP working dogs are healthy.  The Veterinary Corps is deployed worldwide assisting native people in keeping their livestock healthy.

Chaplin CorpsChaplain Corps - Chaplains attend to the spiritual needs of our soldiers and also help gauge a particular unit's morale.   Chaplains may minister to soldiers and family members in troop units, in hospitals, in Army Service Schools or in overseas military communities.

*= Only males are allowed in this branch

Note: The Information provided above has been cited, in part, from DA PAM 600-3, DA PAM 2028, RPI 665

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Note: This is an attempt to explain in a very short amount of space generally what a branch's function and role is to someone who is unfamiliar with the Army.  It is not intended to be a full description of the capabilities or roles of a certain branch.  That is why the links are provided. 
However, if there are any gross errors, please let the webmaster know. Thank you.

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