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In April, 2010, The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) collaborated with the Chemical Security Analysis Center (CSAC) and sponsored a series of 1 & 2 ton atmospheric releases of Toxic Inhalation Hazard (TIH) materials, specifically Chlorine and Ammonia in the Utah desert at Dugway Proving Ground. These tests were conducted in order to determine the Nation's vulnerability to TIH's in transport near sensitive populations and areas.

In both 2015 and 2016, Subject Matter Experts (SME) in hazardous materials emergency response designed and conducted experiments at Dugway during the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) research on catastrophic releases of chlorine named the “Jack Rabbit Project”. Emergency Response SME’s worked collaboratively with project scientists to assure meaningful outcomes during releases of 7 to 20 tons of chlorine. The overall objective for the SME’s was to answer questions for the emergency planning and response community regarding planning for, tactical and operational considerations of, and public protection actions during a catastrophic chlorine release or a release of any other TIH material in any jurisdiction.

In August of 2017 key contributors to the Jack Rabbit (JR) Project, environmental systems researchers, plume modelers, Hazmat SME’s, and atmospheric scientists were invited to Utah Valley University (UVU) to formulate conclusions based on the JR data. The Final Report - The Jack Rabbit II Project’s Impacts on Emergency Responders (see below) includes the outcomes that should be used for training and educating the nation’s emergency responders and planners.


The Jack Rabbit Project

Utah Valley University
Emergency Services
Email: jackrabbit@uvu.edu

 

Photo Gallery
"This photo gives you an idea of the remote nature of the Jack Rabbit release grid prior to population by connex boxes and vehicles."
Videos
REL 2: Vehicle exposure at 100M looking North > 50,000 ppm
REL 2: Firefighter on top of Engine at 100M > 50 ppm looking East
REL 2: Vehicle exposure at 100M looking East > 50,000 ppm
REL 2: Firefighter on top of Engine at 100M > 50 ppm looking North
REL 3: Vehicle exposure at 100M looking North > 50,000 ppm
REL 3: Plume behavior between obstructions - looking South view 1
REL 3: Plume behavior between obstructions - looking South view 2
REL 3: Plume behavior between obstructions - looking South view 3
REL 4: Plume behavior against obstructions - looking East
REL 4: Retrograde creep plume behavior - looking North East at 60M
REL 5: Lexus engine noise after release at 15M > 200,000 ppm
REL 5: Lexus engine noise prior to release
REL 5: Emergency response release overview at 15M > 200,000 ppm
REL 5: Retrograde creep - firefighter exposure at 100M 94 ppm at nose level
REL 5: Emergency response engine at 15M > 200,000 ppm
REL 5: Emergency response vehicle at 15M > 200,000 ppm
REL 5: Witness Board #10 - Liquid Chlorine exposure at 15M
Additional Resources
Photo Gallery
The 20 Ton transport trailer breached on Release #9
Videos
TRIAL 6: Car #1 (Sebring) Detection Data
TRIAL 6: Car #5 (Civic) Detection Data
TRIAL 6: Firfighter @ 100 M 0 ppm
TRIAL 6: Aerial View- Plume Behavior 180 Degrees Down
TRIAL 6: @ 120 M Lookin Toward Firefighter
TRIAL 7: Ground View @90 Meters Behind Car #3
TRIAL 7: Ground View @90 Meters Above Car #5
TRIAL 7: Car #3 (Durango) Detection Data
TRIAL 7: Car #5 (Civic) Detection Data
TRIAL 7: Firfighter @ 100 M 0 ppm Retrograde Creep 0 Meters
TRIAL 7: View From 90 M North @ 4 Meters Elevation
TRIAL 7: Aerial View- Plume Behavior 135 Degrees Down
TRIAL 7: View Looking SouthWest @ 80 Meters
TRIAL 8: View from 90 Meters Behind Car #5 (Civic)
TRIAL 8: Car #5 (Civic) Detection Data
TRIAL 8: Dump Valve View From 90 M behind Car #5
TRIAL 8: Dump Valve Firefighter @ 100 M 0 ppm Retrograde Creep 10 M
TRIAL 8: Dump Valve Looking South fro 90 M @ 4 Meters Elevation
TRIAL 8: Dump Valve View of Potential RPT Behavior
TRIAL 8: Dump Valve Looking SouthWest @ 80 Meters
TRIAL 8: Dump Valve Looking South @ 90 Meters
TRIAL 8: Firefighter @ 100 Meters 0 ppm Retrograde Creep 0 Meters
TRIAL 8: Looking South from 90 M @ 4 Meters Elevation
TRIAL 8: Looking SouthWest @ 80 Meters
TRIAL 8: Looking South @ 90 Meters
TRIAL 8: Aerial View- Plume Behavior 0 Degrees Up
TRIAL 8: Firefighter @ 100 M 0.0 ppm Retrograde Creep 0 M Timelapse
TRIAL 9: Looking SouthWest @ 80 Meters 20 Tons
TRIAL 9: Car #5 (Civic) Detection Data
TRIAL 9: Looking South @ 90 Meters
TRIAL 9: Firefighter @ 100 M 0 ppm Retrograde Creep 30 Meters
TRIAL 9: Ground View @ 90 Meters Behind Car #5
TRIAL 9: View Looking South from 90 M @ 4 M Elevation
TRIAL 9: Aerial View- Plume Behavior 180 Degrees Down 20 Tons
TRIAL 9: View from 90 Meters Roof of Car #3
Additional Resources