Library Glossary

Abstract—A summary of an article.

Archives—This part of the Library includes our rare and local history materials. Items from the Archives cannot be checked out, and must be used within the Archives area. The George Sutherland Archive is located on the third floor of the Library (floor map).

Blu-Ray—A new video format. You must have a Blu-Ray player in order to view these films; a regular DVD player will not work.

Boolean—A group of words and symbols that can be used to translate your topics and questions into something the article databases and the Library catalog can understand. AND connects words. OR is used to include synonyms. NOT excludes terms. To learn how to use these words and symbols, please see our tutorials on finding books and articles or watch our Boolean Tutorial.

Bound periodical—A group of periodicals that have been gathered and bound together in a large book. Older periodicals are bound after we have received all of a year's or a volume's issues. Bound periodicals can be found on the third floor of the Library (floor map).

Browser—A computer program that lets you view web pages and surf the Internet. Mozilla FireFox, Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, and Netscape Navigator are all browsers.

Call Number—A combination of letters and numbers that act as addresses for books, CDs, videos, and other Library items. The Library uses a call number system that groups items together by subject and then placed them in order on the shelf. Before you can find a book on the shelf, make sure that you write down the call number. Look first for the letters and then the numbers to find the item you need.

Catalog—A searchable database of all items owned by the Library. It can tell you which books (or CDs or videos) we have about a certain topic, where they are, and if they are checked out. To search the catalog, visit the Library homepage and use the yellow search box in the upper right of the page.

Circulation—Also called Circ, this Library department is in charge of checking books in and out, shelving, tracking down lost items, registering library cards, collecting Library fines, and more. There are two Circulation Desks in the Library, one on the first floor, and another one on the second (floor map).

Citation—The publication information for a book, article, web site, video, etc. organized into a particular format. APA, Chicago, Turabian, and other formats show you how to organize citation information and cite sources. (Citation Help Page)

Collection—A group of books, periodicals, CDs, and/or videos that are grouped by type or by purpose. The collection is also a term that encompasses all items owned by the Library.

Copyright—A set of laws that protect authors' and artists' rights to distribute, change, and earn money from their creations. These laws forbid others from reproducing copyrighted works without paying royalties (fees) to the copyright holder. For more information, see UVU's Copyright Committee site. See also fair use.

Database—A searchable collection of records. This term generally refers to article databases, which are used to locate articles on different topics. The Library provides access to more than 130 different databases. The Library catalog and the Journals by Title are also databases.

Ebook—An electronic copy of a book. These can be found in the Library catalog or on the ebooks page.

Ejournal—An electronic copy of a periodical. These can be found on the Journals by Title list.

Embargo—Publishers may sometimes require a database to hold off on including full text for a certain period of time, usually six months or a year. Embargoes are more common for scientific and medical periodicals.

Fair Use—A set of exceptions to the copyright laws. Fair use allows students and teachers to use portions of copyrighted works if 1) they are using it for educational or non-profit purposes, 2) they aren't charging people for access to the work, 3) they are using small portions of the work, and 4) their use will not impact the market value of the work. If these conditions are met, you do not have to pay the copyright holder royalties.

Field—A portion of a record that contains information. In the Library catalog, fields include things like a book title, the place of publication, the subjects, the author, and so on. In an article database, fields include article and periodical titles, dates, volume and issue numbers, page numbers, and more. When you search the catalog or a database, the database checks these fields for your keywords. When it spots one of your keywords, the item will show up on the results page.

Full Text—The entire text of an article or a book.

Index—This word has multiple meanings: 1) another word for a database; 2) the act of adding an item to a database; or 3) a section at the back of a book that notes the page numbers where certain topics, people, or events are discussed.

Info Commons—An area in the Library that contains computers for student use. (floor map`)

Information Literacy
—A set of skills for creating topics; developing research plans; and finding, evaluating, and citing information. These skills are taught in Library workshops or in the Library research class, CLSS 1050. Some information literacy skills can be learned by watching our video tutorials or by taking our text-based tutorial.

Interlibrary Loan—A free service where the Library borrows copies of books, articles, and other items for UVU faculty, students, and staff from other libraries.

ISBN—International Standard Book Number. A 10 or 13 digit number that is unique to every book. ISBNs can be used to help find the right edition of a book.

ISSN—International Standard Serial Number. An 8 digit number that is unique to every periodical. ISSNs can be used to locate the right periodical, since some periodicals have very similar or even identical titles.

Journal—A type of periodical. Journals are collections of articles, often scholarly, that are published in regular issues. See also peer-reviewed articles.

Journals by Title—A searchable list of all the journals the Library has access to. To search the list, click the Journals by Title link on the Library Homepage. To find a journal, type in the name of the journal (not the article title). If the journal is available, you will see a call number (for print journals) or the names of databases (for online journals). Before you choose one of the options, make sure the year you need is covered. See also embargo.

—Criteria that you can use to limit or narrow your searches in the Library catalog and the article databases. Typical limiters include dates, types of article, and number of pages.

Media—The format of an item. UVU librarians and staff usually use the term to refer to the collection of films and music on the second floor (floor map).

Microform—A space-saving format where a book, article, or report is photographed, reduced in size, and printed on a plastic card (microfiche) or a small film reel (microfilm). The Library has a small collection of historical records and newspapers on microfilm on the second floor (floor map).

Monograph—A book on a single subject, written by an expert in that subject. See also scholarly book.

Peer-reviewed Article—An article that has gone through an official review process by subject experts and scholars. This helps ensure that the information in those articles is trustworthy, free of bias, and based on solid evidence. Peer-reviewed articles are also called scholarly or academic articles. See also popular articles.

—Collection of articles that are published in regular issues. Periodical is the catch-all term for journals, magazines, trade publications, and newspapers.

Phrase Searching—Quotation marks are used to search for phrases. A phrase is two or more words that need to be a certain order, such as "Social Security" or "civil war."

—The act of passing off another's work as one's own. Students caught committing plagiarism face serious consequences. Citing sources correctly is one of the best ways to avoid plagiarism. For more information, see UVU's Student Rights and Responsibilities document. See also citation.

Podcast—The Library publishes monthly episodes of LibCast, a podcast that highlights Library events and services. A podcast is an audio file, usually a short, radio-style program, that is broadcast online.

Popular Article—An article published in a magazine or newspaper that has not been through the peer-review process. See also peer-reviewed article.

Proceedings—Papers published by conferences and meetings. Many libraries do not collect these, but they can be requested via Interlibrary Loan.

Record—The complete information for a book, video, CD, or article in a database. A record is composed of different fields. Both the Library catalog and the article databases contain records.

Reference—A Library service that offers research help to students, faculty and staff. Library users can ask questions at the Reference Desk on the first floor, call a reference librarian (863-8840), chat with a librarian via our LiveHelp service, or email us. The reference librarians can suggest databases, recommend books, help you create search strategies, find copies of articles, and more. The Reference desk is staffed from 8:00 AM to 10:00 PM, Monday through Thursday; 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM on Fridays; and from 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM on Saturdays.

Research process—A plan for developing at topic and finding, using, and citing information.

Reserves—A collection of books and other items that instructors request for their students to read outside of class. They are set aside so that all students in the class have a chance to view the materials. Articles and some videos are placed on electronic reserve, allowing students to read or view them from their own computers.

Scholarly Book—A book written by a subject expert or scholar, often published by a university or academic press (such as Oxford University Press or SAGE). Unlike scholarly articles, which are put through a peer review process, scholarly books are only reviewed by editors before publication. To determine if a book is scholarly, check the publisher and look for a bibliography and an index in the book. If possible, check the author's credentials.

Search Engine
—A type of database that can be used to locate web sites. Google is the largest and, currently, most popular search engine.

Search statement—The words and symbols you type into a search box. See also Boolean.

Serials—Another term for periodicals.

Stacks—The bookshelves.

Subject heading—A descriptive label that libraries give to each item they own. These labels can be used to find all items on a particular subject. A complete list of subject headings can be found in the Library of Congress Subject Headings books, kept on the first floor near the Career Resources books. For assistance with these books, please ask at the Reference desk.

Technical Services—A department within the Library that processes new items and adds them to the catalog.

Theses & Dissertations—Long research papers written by Master's and Doctoral students as part of their requirements for graduation. Most universities and colleges only collect their own students' theses and dissertations. Copies can be obtained through Interlibrary Loan.

Truncation—An asterisk (*) allows you to search the catalog and the databases for a word's alternate endings. To truncate a word, simply replace its ending with an asterisk. For example, typing in child* will find child, children, childhood, childlike, childish, and so on. Some databases may use other symbols, but the asterisk is the most common.

URL—Uniform Resource Locator. This is the technical term for a web address.

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